The word “fracture” implies broken bone. A bone may get fractured completely or partially and is commonly caused by trauma due to a fall, accident or athletics. Thinning of the bone due to osteoporosis can also cause the bone to break. Overuse injury is a common cause of stress fractures in athletes. Types of fractures include:
Simple fractures in which the fractured pieces of bone are well aligned and stable.
Unstable fractures are those in which fragments of the broken bone are misaligned and displaced.
Open (compound) fractures are severe fractures in which the broken bones cut through the skin. This type of fracture is more prone to infection and requires immediate medical attention.
Greenstick Fractures are a unique fracture in children that involves the bending of one side of the bone without any break in the bone.
Treatment depends on the severity and location of the break and generally includes rehabilitation for several weeks.